Limitations of A Private Investigator


Limitations of A Private Investigator

Private investigators are professionals who are experts when it comes to gathering information about a certain person or company to help someone who needs it. They are hired by those who want to know more about something – tenant background checks, surveillance, and a lot more.

Although private investigators are authorized to gather much information that they needed, they still have limitations on what they could do. Here are some of the things that you thought a private investigator can do but actually can’t.

They Can’t Arrest Someone

Private investigators are not part of the law enforcement sector. If ever they see someone committing a crime, they don’t have the power to arrest them. However, they can gather as much evidence and document the crime as long as it is within the laws and should be done the precise way. While doing so, they should contact a law enforcer to stop and arrest the criminal. The evidences and records that the private investigator have obtained can be used in court to get the criminal convicted for his crime.

They Can’t Carry Around a Badge

Since private investigators are not law enforcers, they are not allowed to carry around or wear a badge. Impersonating law enforcers are a very serious issue and could get them arrested. Aside from that, people might mistakenly think that someone’s a police officer when they have a badge which is really troublesome.

They Can’t Trespass into Properties

Although they are authorized to obtain information about people or companies, private investigators are only allowed to do this in a legal manner. They are not allowed to get information by entering a house or property that they don’t have permission with. However, if the owner gives them consent then they can get in a obtain information that they need for the file. They are never allowed to search information by breaking into a property, or using force to get inside a building.

They Are Not Allowed to Wiretap

Although private investigators can record audio for evidence purposes, this could only be done with certain limitations. The laws in recording audio vary from one state to another. Some states allow one-party consent while others need two-party consent. For one-party, it means that the investigator in involved in the conversation and could record audio without the other party knowing about it.

Two-party means that both of them know that there is a recording going on. However, if the investigator is just listening to the people talk without being involved in the conversation, he can’t record it but could simply take down notes and photos for documentation.

They Can Only Take Photos in Public

Private investigators take a lot of photos for evidence. However, they are only allowed to do this when the subject is in a public place. If the subject enters his home or any place that is expected to give him privacy, a private investigator is not allowed to take photos this time.

With all these limitations, private investigators are still definitely the best when it comes to gathering information that you need.


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